### Alternating Current, Current Production, Current Waveform, Average Value of AC, AC Circuit Containing Resistance Only.

Explore the fascinating world of alternating current (AC) with Nokryan.com for an exciting journey! AC is a crucial concept in electrical engineering and it fuels our modern society by providing a dynamic flow of electricity. Gain knowledge about the generation of current, as generators and power plants transform mechanical energy into alternating current, which is then distributed to power our homes and industries. Dive into the intricate patterns of the current waveform, which fluctuates between positive and negative values in a sinusoidal fashion, with Nokryan.com serving as your trusted companion.

1. The most common source of alternating voltage is ?

- AC generator
**correct** - Motor
- Transformer
- Both A & B
- Both A & C

2. The alternating voltage or current is actually measured by ?

- Its RMS value
- Square root of its mean square value
- Peak value
- Instantaneous value
- Both A & B
**correct**

3. The highest value reached by the voltage or current ?

- In quarter cycle is called instantaneous value
- None of these
- In one cycle is called peak value
**correct** - In half cycle is called peak-to-peak value
- In half cycle is called instantaneous value

4. The phase at the negative peak of an A. C. cycle is ?

- 90º
- 270º
**correct** - 180º
- 0º
- 360º

5. Peak value of alternating current is ?

- Equal to its RMS value
- One of its instantaneous values
**correct** - None of these
- The same as its peak-to-peak value
- Both B and C

6. The entire waveform of sinusoidal voltage is actually a set of all the ?

- Instantaneous values which exist during a period T
**correct** - RMS values
- Peak-to-peak values
- None of tehse
- Average values which exist during a period T/2

7. A sinusoidally alternating voltage or current can be graphically represented by a ?

- None of these
- Clockwise rotating vector
- Anti clock wise voltage vector
**correct** - Vector
- Rotating vector

8. Nowadays, most of the electrical energy is produced by A.C. generators using ?

- Solar energy
- Both B & D
- Hydal water
**correct** - Biomass
- Geothrmal energy

9. Unless stated otherwise, when we speak of A.C. meter reading, we usually mean ?

- Instantaneous value
- Peak-to-peak value
- RMS value
**correct** - Both A & C
- Peak value

10. The RMS value of alternating voltage is ?

- 0.7 times the peak value
**correct** - 0.5 times the peak value
- None of these
- 0.7 times the instantaneous value
- Equal to maximum voltage

11. The waveform of alternating voltage is a ?

- Sinusoidal
**correct** - Rectangular
- None of these
- Saw-tooth
- Square

12. The time interval during which source changes its polarity once is knows as ?

- Quarter the time period
- Half the time period
- None of these
- Two third of the time period
- Time period T
**correct**

13. If we connect an A.C. voltmeter to read A.C. voltage, it would read its ?

- Both B and C
- RMS value
**correct** - Instantaneous value
- Value averaged over a cycle
- Zero

14. If 250V is the RMS value of alternating voltage, then its peak value V, will be ?

- 400 V
- 175 V
- Zero
- 250 V
- 353.5 V
**correct**

15. The length of the rotating vector (on a certain scale) represents the ?

- Instantaneous value of alternating quantity
- RMS value of a alternating quantity
- Either A or B
**correct** - Peak value of alternating quantity
- Either B or C

16. Alternating current is produced by a voltage source which polarity ?

- Remains the same
- Keeps on reversing with time
- Reverses after period T
- Both C & D
**correct** - Reverses after every time interval T/2

17. Alternating current can be transmitted ?

- To long distance at very low cost
**correct** - To long distance at very high cost
- At very low cost
- To long distance

18. The magnitude of alternating voltage V ?

- Always increases
- None of these
- Remains constant
- Always decreases
- Des not remain constant
**correct**

19. If we connect an ordinary DC ammeter to measure alternating current, it would measure its ?

- Value averaged over a cycle
**correct** - RMS value
- Instantaneous value
- Either B or C

20. The sum of positive and negative peak value) i,e., p-p value) is called ?

- None of these
- Instantaneous value
- RMS value
- Peak-to-peak value
**correct** - Peak value

21. The wave form of alternating voltage is the graph between ?

- Either B or D
- Voltage along y-axis and time along x-axis
**correct** - Voltage along x-axis and along y-axis
- Current and time
- Voltage and current

22. The phase at the positive peak of an A.C cycle is ?

- 0º
- 90º
**correct** - 360
- 270º
- 180º

23. The peak-to-peak value of alternating voltage is ?**A = 2V _{º}**

**B = V**

_{ º}**C = V**

_{º }/2**D = 4V**

_{ º}**E = None of these**

- D
- B
- C
- A
**correct**

24. The instantaneous value of alternating current may be ?

- The same as its peak value
**correct** - The same as its RMS value
- Greater than its RMS value
- None of tehse
- Any of these

25. The points where the waveform of an A.C. cycle cross the time axis corresponds to phase ?

- 0º
- π/2 and 3π/2
- 90º
- 180º
- 0 and π
**correct**